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Ice Machine Buying Guide Ice Machine Buying Guide

Section 5. How Do I Figure Out How Much Ice I Need?



Daily Ice Usage and Ice Requirements

 

Typical Ice Usage for Foodservice Businesses

Here is a useful chart to determine how much ice your business might need. Remember that this is a helpful guide only and your actual usage requirements will likely vary.

Find your ice application in the left column and use these numbers as a starting point for your calculations.

Calculate your Daily Ice Usage per Application.

The final step for determining Average Daily Ice Usage is to give yourself an extra 10-20% extra production requirement to be on the safe side.

Application Type Typical Daily Ice Use   Ice Needed for 100 Customers Ice Needed for 200 Customers Ice Needed for 300 Customers Ice Needed for 400 Customers Ice Needed for 500 Customers Typical Ice Style
FOODSERVICE                
Restaurant 1.5 LB Per Person Served 150 LB 300 LB 450 LB 600 LB 750 LB Half Cube
Cocktail Bar 3 LB Per Seat 300 LB 600 LB 900 LB 1200 LB 1500 LB Half Cube
*Salad Bar 35 LB Per Cubic Foot of salad bar           Flake Ice
Water Glass 4 oz. Per 10 oz. Water Glass 25 LB 50 LB 75 LB 100 LB 125 LB Half Cube OR Nugget Ice
Fast Food / Self Service 5 oz. Per 7-10 oz Drink 31 1/4 LB 62 1/2 LB 93 3/4 LB 125 LB 156 1/4 LB Half Cube or Nugget Ice
  8 oz. Per 12-16 oz. Drink 50 LB 100 LB 150 LB 200 LB 250 LB Half Cube or Nugget Ice
  12 oz. Per 18-24 oz. Drink 75 LB 150 LB 225 LB 300 LB 375 LB Half Cube or Nugget Ice
BAR / CLUB 3.5 LB Per Seat 350 LB 700 LB 1050 LB 1400 LB 1750 LB Half Cube, Full Cube or Gourmet Cube
LODGING                
Guest Ice 5 LB Per Hotel / Motel Room 500 LB 1000 LB 1500 LB 2000 LB 2500 LB Full Cube
Restaurant 1.5 LB Per Person Served 150 LB 300 LB 450 LB 600 LB 750 LB Half Cube
Hotel Cocktail Bar 3 LB Per Seat 300 LB 600 LB 900 LB 1200 LB 1500 LB Half Cube
Room Service / Catering 1.5 LB Per Person Served 150 LB 300 LB 450 LB 600 LB 750 LB Half Cube
HEALTHCARE                
Hospital Patient 10 LB Per Bed 1000 LB 2000 LB 3000 LB 4000 LB 5000 LB Flake Ice or Nugget Ice
Nursing Home Patient 6 LB Per Bed 600 LB 1200 LB 1800 LB 2400 LB 3000 LB Flake Ice or Nugget Ice
Healthcare Cafeteria 1.5 LB Per Person Served 150 LB 300 LB 450 LB 600 LB 750 LB Half Cube or Nugget Ice
SUPERMARKET/
CONVENIENCE STORE
               
Beverage Self-Serve 6 oz. Per 12 oz. Drink 37 1/2 LB 75 LB 112 1/2 LB 150 LB 187 1/2 LB Half Cube or Nugget Ice
  10 oz. Per 20 oz. Drink 62 1/2 LB 125 LB 187 1/2 LB 250 LB 312 1/2 LB Half Cube or Nugget Ice
  16 oz. Per 32 oz. Drink 100 LB 200 LB 300 LB 400 LB 500 LB Half Cube or Nugget Ice
*Product Display / Packing 35 LB Per Cubic Foot of Display           Flake Ice
Packaged / Bagged Ice Number of Bags Sold Daily X LB Per Bag 1000 LB (10 LB Bags) 2000 LB (10 LB Bags) 3000 LB (10 LB Bags) 4000 LB (10 LB Bags) 5000 LB (10 LB Bags) Full Cube
SCHOOLS                
Cafeteria 1.5 LB Per Student 150 LB 300 LB 450 LB 600 LB 750 LB Half Cube


*SALAD BAR / PRODUCT DISPLAY / ICE PACKING Usage Calculation

Ice Usage for packing or for a product display, such as for a salad bar or fresh fish display case, is calculated by cubic feet needed during a 24-hour period. This would be length of the display multiplied by the width multiplied by the depth of the ice pack (L x W x D). Note that since ice depth is often less than 12 inches, depth in inches will need to be converted to feet by dividing by 12 (e.g. ice pack depth of 6 inches would be 6 divided by 12 = 0.5 feet).




DAILY ICE USAGE - SAMPLE CALCULATION

Calculate your daily usage based upon your operation and each application type.

For example, a restaurant has 100 table seats, each with 4 guest turnover per business day, a bar with 15 seats, and a salad bar 8 feet by 3 feet with an ice pack depth of 6 inches.

Step 1. 100 Table Seats x 4 guest = 400 Customers x 1.5 LB Ice = 600 LB FULL CUBE Ice Daily Usage

Step 2. 15 Bar Seats x 3 LB Ice Per Customer = 30 LB GOURMET CUBE Ice Daily Usage

Step 3. Salad Bar 8 feet x 3 feet x 0.5 feet = 12 cubic feet x 35 LB Ice = 420 LB FLAKE Ice Daily Usage

Step 4. Three different applications requiring three different types of ice means three ice machines will be needed at the restaurant. IF the Bar utilized Full Cube Ice like the restaurant, you might be able to make do with only 2 machines, but someone will be shuttling ice from the back of the house to the bar.

AVERAGE USAGE / PRODUCTION REQUIREMENT EXAMPLE:

                             
Day Daily Usage
Monday 400 LB Ice Used
Tuesday 300 LB Ice Used
Wednesday 300 LB of Ice Used
Thursday 600 LB of Ice Used
Friday 700 LB of Ice Used
Saturday 800 LB of Ice Used
Sunday 400 LB of Ice Used
Weekly Total Usage 3500 LB Ice Used


Calculate Average Daily Usage

Weekly Usage: 3500 LB

3500 LB divided by 7 days = 500 LB AVERAGE DAILY USAGE

+ 20% (100 LB) extra ice, Final Step as suggested =

600 LB Average Daily Production Requirement in our example restaurant (Your Need and Usage will vary).



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